WHAT IS CORONAVIRUS?
Coronaviruses are a collection of RNA viruses that cause disease and illness in mammals and birds. The name originates from the Latin word 'Corona' which means 'Crown' due to the viruses spikes on it's surface. There are a few different types of known Coronavirus, namely: MERS-CoV (MERS), SARS-CoV (SARS) & SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19).
WHAT IS COVID-19?
COVID-19 (known scientifically as SARS-CoV-2), is a newly discovered form of Coronavirus. It is known to be first identified in December of 2019. Originating in Wuhan, China.
HOW MANY CASES OF COVID-19 ARE THERE?
As of July 7, 2020 there are over 11,000,000 cases worldwide, over 3,000,000 in the United States, and over 20,000 in Nevada.
WHAT ARE THE COVID-19 SYMPTOMS?
** Symptoms can sometimes appear as far as 2-14 days after contracting the Coronavirus. If you think you've been exposed to COVID-19, click here to learn about testing.**
Not all symptoms are known that come from COVID-19. However, there is a wide variety of symptoms that are known to be caused by having COVID-19.
Some Mild Symptoms are:
Loss of taste or smell
Shortness of breath
Some Severe Symptoms are:
Inability to wake up or stay awake
New confusion or loss of awareness
Persistent pain or pressure in chest area
If you have any other symptoms that may be concerning you, you should consult with your doctor or other medical provider.
WHEN SHOULD I SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION?
You should seek General Medical Attention (call your doctor, go get tested, etc...) when mild symptoms first appear, and/or you think you may have had exposure to COVID-19. You should seek Emergency Medical Attention (Call 911, go to the ER, etc...) when you have severe symptoms, or otherwise deem it appropriate. Do not go to a Doctor's Office, ER, or any other Medical Facility without prior notifying them that you are experiencing COVID-19 symptoms.
AM I HIGH RISK FOR COVID-19?
Some demographics of people who are known as High-Risk for severe illness/disease from the Coronavirus are people who:
Are Ages 65 and up
Have Heart Disease(s)
Have Liver Disease(s)
Have Pulmonary Disease(s)
HOW DOES COVID-19 SPREAD?
COVID-19 is known best to mainly be spread from person-to-person through close contact. Some people can be asymptomatic (do not have any symptoms), have the virus, and spread it to others without knowing.
Usually this is how person-to-person spread occurs:
People are in close contact with one another (within 3-12 feet of one another).
A carrier (someone with COVID-19) produces respiratory droplets by sneezing, coughing, and/or talking.
These droplets can then land in a person's mouth, nose, or even be inhaled into the lungs. Therefore, causing that person to then be exposed to and possibly contract COVID-19.
COVID-19 is also know to be spread through:
Touching a surface with droplets/virus on it, then touching one's mouth, nose and possibly eyes.
Touching an object with droplets/virus on it, then touching one's mouth, nose and possibly eyes.
Although known at this time to be low-risk, in some situations or occurances COVID-19 can spread between people and animals.
HOW DO I PROTECT MYSELF AND OTHERS FROM COVID-19?
There are several known ways to prevent contracting, spreading and exposing yourself and/or others to COVID-19. Some of those ways are to:
Clean and disinfect surfaces and objects when touched.
Cover your mouth when you sneeze or cough. Do not do this with your hand. The best way to do this is to:
Use a tissue or your elbow to sneeze or cough into.
If tissue is used throw it away into a trash/recycling bin.
Immediately after doing this wash your hands with soap and warm water and/or use appropriate hand sanitizer.
Monitor Your Symptoms. Take your temperature if you are experiencing symptoms (do not take your temperature if you have recently exercised or taken temperature lowering medications), and consult with your doctor or medical provider if symptoms persist.
Self Isolate whenever possible. Especially if you are high-risk. Consider taking these steps:
Transfer your prescriptions to a mail-order pharmacy. You can get your medication(s) delivered to your home, rather than going out and picking it/them up at your local pharmacy.
Use a meal delivery and/or grocery delivery service.
Instead of physically visiting others, consider electronically (telephone, video, email etc...) visiting others when possible.
See your doctor(s) or medical provider(s) using Telemedicine when possible.
Socially Distance from others whenever possible. This is absolutely vital in slowing the spread of COVID-19. Staying a safe 3-12 feet apart from others should be sufficient.
Stay Home when experiencing symptoms or sickness and/or you have been or you think you have been exposed to COVID-19.
Wash your hands frequently with soap and warm water for 20 seconds. If washing your hands is unavailable, use hand sanitizer. Sufficient and appropriate hand sanitizer should contain at least 60% alcohol.
Wear a face mask/covering whenever possible when you are out and about or around others.
When you are experiencing symptoms, think you have contracted or been exposed to COVID-19, seek medical attention and/or get tested.
HOW/WHEN/WHERE DO I GET TESTED FOR COVID-19?
For information on COVID-19 testing (both active infection and inactive infection testing), click here.
WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR COVID-19?
As of now, there is no definitive treatment for COVID-19. There are many vaccine trials/studies being performed at the moment. Antibiotics (antibacterials) are likely ineffective due to COVID-19 being a virus, not a bacteria. For severe cases of COVID-19 some patients are put on ventilators and/or incubated. But again, there is no definite treatment for COVID-19 yet. Promising research/treatment has been produced with several medications and treatments. However, this research is ever changing and still in development.
This FAQ was last updated on 7/7/2020, it may not be current/accurate at the time of reading. Monica J. Wall, M.D. LTD. reserves the right to update/change this FAQ at any time. If you have any further questions, please contact us. Any links or companies sourced on this Website are not affiliated with, financially affiliated with, and/or endorsed by Monica J. Wall, M.D. LTD., it's operators and/or it's affiliates unless otherwise indicated.